An EPROM, EEPROM,
FLASH RAM and Static-RAM S-100 RAM Board
All S-100 systems have some kind
of "Boot ROM" to bring up the system on power on. This can be a simple ROM
based monitor that shows a series of menu options or one that directly loads
a floppy or hard disk operating system. Most systems have a ROM that does
both. Many of the systems have the ROM on the CPU card itself. There
are advantages of this:- "Power on jump" circuitry to the ROM is easier, and
in some case the ROM can later be shadowed out when the operating system
loads. The disadvantage is the ROM takes up space on the CPU board.
The early Cromemco, SD Systems, TDL CPU boards did not have the ROM onboard.
When we come to 16 bit systems the situation is the same. However in this
case two ROMS were typically used for a 16 bit interface. Also in the case
of the 16 bit CPU's which started in high memory the circuitry was somewhat
more involved. Again some manufactures had the ROM onboard others did
Because the 16 bit CPU cards I will and have used can be a tight fit on the
S100 boards when you add co-processors etc. I wanted to have a separate 16
bit EPROM board. Further I thought it would be nice to have it such
that it could accommodate both 8 and 16 bit CPU's.
Now today there are many types of PROM's is a whole range of sizes. I
designed the board to accommodate most of the common types. That's the
good news. The bad news is that in order to do this there are a larger than
normal number of jumpers on the board. You really have to careful go
through each ROM type and match the pin numbers with the appropriate input.
The board will accommodate the following types of storage chips:-
In 8 bit mode and for RAM addresses < 64K
EPROMS 2716, 2732, 2764
EEPROMS 28C16A, 28C17, 28C64A
In 16 bit mode and for RAM addresses 0 - 24MG
EPROMS 2716, 2732,
2764, 27128, 27256
EEPROMS 28C64,, 28C256
FLASH RAM CAT27F010 (128KX8)
STATIC RAM HM628128 (128KX8)
There are a many other chips that can also be used by adjusting the
jumpers. I just have not tested them out yet.
Here is a picture of the prototype board:-
Please excuse some of the wire connections. They will be corrected on the
PROM/RAM Pin Jumpers.
The board will accept numerous 5 Volt EPROM, EEPROM, FLASH and RAM chips.
That's the good news. The only catch is you have to be careful with what
jumpers you use for each chip type. Here are the configurations for the most
common memory chip types:-
For 8 bit EPROMS that reside in socket U123:-
For 16 bit EPROMS that reside in sockets U4
Note: All EEPROMS (electrical erasable,
rather than UV light) of the equivalent capacity above will have the
much the same
pinouts/jumpers. However in a few cases where there are differences.
For example with 27C256 EPROM's and 28C256 EEPROM's. So always
check the pinouts. I made this mistake recently with 28C256 EEPROMS only to
have them re-programmed in a 27C256 socket setup!
For 16 bit EE-PROMS that reside in sockets U4
For a pair of 128K X8 FLASH RAM's (16 Bit) in sockets
U100 and U101:-
Note you do not have to use the full 128K of Flash RAM. By adjusting (see
below) the RAM/ROM window that activates 16CS* using SW2 and IC2A you can
select sections of the chip and surround the rest with other S-100 RAM on
the bus. The other RAM board however must recognize the S-100 Phantom
line (pin 76). The 4MG Static
RAM board is an example of this.
For a pair or Static RAM's (16 bit) in sockets U100
These two chips will allow the board to have 128KX16 or 512KX16 (or 256KX8
and 1MGX8) of fast static RAM memory on board. Very useful is the fact
that at the same time the board can have an 8
bit EPROM (or EEPROM) for a Z80 board.
ROM Memory Board Logic
This is a
repeat of the discussion on the 4MG RAM Board -- The S-100 bus was designed around the 8080 CPU. This CPU has a
bi-directional 8 bit data path, however because Ed Roberts wanted to control
it via a series of front panel switches, the CPU data bus was broken out
into separate 8 bit Data In and Data Out paths on the S-100 bus.
This worked fine. RAM boards had their RAM chips connected to both data
paths and I/O boards were likewise connected. It was a somewhat
inefficient setup but it worked (all for a simpler front panel).
The first diagram below shows the basic layout.
When 16 bit CPU's came along things got more complicated. All 16 bit
CPU's have a 16 bit bi-directional data path. They can interface
directly to RAM chips that are 16 bits wide or two 8 bit wide RAM chips. In
the early 80's the latter type of RAM's were much more common. Two 8 bit
wide RAM chips differing only in address line A0 (0 or 1), would be
connected to the 16 bit bus. The S-100 Data In and Data out lines were
utilized together as a single bi-directional 16 bit bus and were connected
via buffers to the CPUs 16 data line pins.
Now if all you were going to use was such a 16 bit CPU that would be fine.
But such a setup would not work with older 8 bit RAM cards or indeed with
any I/O cards which also expect a split 8 bit interface.
The solution was simple and elegant and the heart of the IEEE-696 standard.
For 16 bit systems the bus behaves as a 16 bit bidirectional bus. For 8 bit
systems a bridge buffer on each RAM board transfers the data coming and
going to the board over separate 8 bit data lines depending on whether it's
address is odd or even. If we have 8 bit data coming to the board on an even
address, it travels on the "Data Out" path and goes directly to the A=0 RAM
bank. If instead the 8 bit data is destined for an odd address it
arrives as before at the RAM board top buffer but then is dropped down to
the lower A0=1 RAM bank via a bridging buffer.
If the 8 bit CPU wants to read a even address it activates this buffer in
the opposite direction so the RAM A=0 bank data is shifted down to the S-100
data in lines. If the 8 bit CPU wishes to read am odd RAM address the A0=1
RAM bank data travels directly to the CPU on the Data Out bus.
The hardware logic to do this is quite tricky. You need to factor in if we
have a CPU read or write, if the data is 8 bits or 16 bits wide and if the
destination address is on an even or odd address line. (Fortunately no
common 16 bit CPU transfers 16 bit data an odd address line).
Now back in the mid 80's companies like CompuPro and Macrotech implemented
this logic in ROM like chips called PAL's. Unfortunately they never
published the code.
I wanted to build a S-100 PROM board that would serve me well into the
future. Where I could use it with very fast and wide CPU's. I wanted to stick with DIP type
chips. There are higher density PROM chips than the 512K/chips we use here but
many require SMT. These are difficult to work with. I
have had good success with the 32 Pin DIP
Alliance AS6C4008 (512KX8 Static RAM) chips, (Jameco Part #1927617) with the
4MG Static RAM Board. I wanted to be able to use this chip again here.
The board utilizes 74LS682's for RAM addressing. If you are unfamiliar with
this technique click
The hardest part was figuring out a PAL
equivalent circuit using standard TTL chips. I came up with the following
"7400" TTL layout. It takes a few chips as opposed to a single PAL
but it is fast and reliable.
This PROM board is really three boards in one. It's an 8 bit EPROM board for
an EPROM that resides in < 64K of the S-100 bus address space and two 8 or 16
bit EPROM/RAM boards for any address from 0 to 16MG. The former
is for use with 8080/Z80 CPU's. Very useful is the fact that both sections
can reside together and overlap on the board. A typical application might be
CPM3 and/or CPM with a memory disk. Note however, these applications require a CPU
board that can address above 64K (Intersystem's, Compupro etc). The
board can accommodate up to 1MG of 8 bit RAM. Remember also, that to
program EPROMs for 16 bit CPU's you have to program the "Low Byte" in one
EPROM and the "High Byte" separately in the other EPROM pair.
The board has three independent buffers to place data on the S-100 bus. These
are controlled separately by three signals 16CSA*, 16CSB* and 8CS*. The circuit is
arranged so both the board data output buffers/EPROMS cannot come on together.
Finally you will notice for the CAT28F010 FLASH RAM's (Jameco Part #242608),
the CE* is tied to ground (rather than 16CSB*). The reason for this is that
these Flash RAM's go into a "Low Power Mode" when CE* is high. There is a
latency time required for the chip to "warm up" after CE is brought low.
Keeping it low avoids the problem. The chips are low power anyway!
This unfortunately does mean that FLASH RAM chips cannot be used
at the same time as EPROM's in the U4 & U121
A typical layout of a board in a Z80/8086 dual CPU system might look like
The boot Z80 monitor EPROM/EEPROM would reside at F000H in RAM. With a Z80
CPU board like the Intersystem's board, the rest of memory could be used for
CPM3 banks and/or as a memory disk. This is what I do in
my system. If
a 8086 CPU has control of the bus then it will first start from the
reset address FFFF0H in RAM. Here it would find the end of the
(in a pair of 28C64 EEPROMS). From there it would jump to the start of that
monitor (at FC000H). Amongst the commands would be one to boot CPM86.
Again this is the way
is setup and I will describe all this later
when we do a 8086 S-100 CPU board.
There are two things to keep in mind with the above arrangement. First, the
static RAM 512X8 pair occupy the entire 1MG address space. The circuitry on
the board insures that these RAM chips are not activated if any of the above
3 EPROMS are addressed. See below.
For the 8 bit EPROM at F000H-FFFFH, if it is addressed, the line 8CS* will
go low. This inactivates any output from the
circuit. Instead it activates its own S-100 bus buffer (U125).
For the 16 bit EPROMs at FC000H-FFFFFH, they are addressed by 16CSA* going
low. This same line is inverted (U14B) and used to inhibit 16CSB*
(U124D) which normally activates the static RAM chip pair (U100,U101).
One final thing, we normally don't want the Z80 EPROM to be active when the
8086 CPU is controlling the bus. The 8086 gets control of the bus when
the S-100 signal TMA0 signal goes low. Again look at the schematic, by
jumpering K29 1-2 and connecting P19, pin 7 to P21 pin 7 and opening SW4,7
we can insure that this EPROM is never active when the 8086 has control of
the bus. Much of this may sound confusing right now. It will become
clearer when we do 16 bit CPU boards next year.
The Final EPROM S-100 Board
The above board had worked without any problems in two
systems using CPM+ and CPM86 with a verity of hardware configurations so
Andrew and I decided to go ahead and do a final commercial type board.
The trace layout was optimized further before doing this.
Here is a
of the board.
Here is a picture of the final Board:-
You can see that it includes some changes form the above prototype board.
It is now really three boards in one. The 8 bit EPROM socket has its
own self contained circuitry and addressing capability. The 16 bit
EPROM/EEPROM section is also separated from the RAM/Flash RAM circuit.
Building the Board
This board can accommodate almost any type of common EPROM or EEPROM, quite
a few static RAM chips and also Flash RAM chips. That's the good news,
the bad news is that there are quite a few jumpers and switch settings
you need to setup to configure the board for your setup. In building
this board, sure you could install everything set up all jumpers at once and
plug it into your system and in theory have it come up the first time. If
you take this approach -- also buy a lottery ticket. Better to step
the build in a series of steps. Checking functionality as you go along.
Here is a guide to doing this.
First install all non-IC components on the board -- including the 5V (1.5A)
voltage regulator. On the latter, I have inserted a mica washer
between the heat sink and the board because one of the traces on the front
side runs a little close to the heat sink. Probably overkill, but
check this out. Insert the board into your system and check your system
boots up fine.
First we will install the 8 bit EPROM circuitry. We start by adding in the
chip select addressing circuit. Layout the board circuit in front of
you. This will make things clearer as you go along. Install U3, U20, U21,
U8, U11, U14 and IC3A. Next we have to decide where we will place our
EPROM in the Z80's 64K address space. We do not want your RAM board
and this EPROM board putting data on the bus at the same address. If your
current systems RAM board accepts the phantom line (S-100 pin 67) things are
simple. The phantom signal from this board (K7 pin1) will in-activate
your RAM board when EPROM on this board is addressed. If your RAM
board does not recognize the phantom signal (most do), you need to select a
< 64K RAM board and place the active adders range of this board outside that
space. For example a 32K RAM board and place the EPROM at 8000H for
In our demo example we will place a 2732 EPROM at 8000H in memory. We need
therefore to configure the 74LS682 IC3A such that pin 19 of IC3A goes low if
the Z80 addresses RAM from 8000H to 8FFFH. So if we place in RAM at 0H the
3A 00 80 ; LD A,(8000H)
C3 00 00 ; JP 0000H
The Z80 will continuously read memory at 8000H in the EEPROM. Please see
here to understand how 74LS682
addressing is done. For addresses in the range 8000H to 8FFFH,
A15 will always be high and A14, A13, and A12 will always be low.
So we jumper P19 and P21 as follows:- 1-1, 2-2, 3-3, 4-4. Since we are using
4K we ignore A11 so tie p21,5 to P20. We also ignore the phantom INPUT, so
also P21,6 to P20 (and P21,7 to P20), but do accept
the low going pulse from U14 pin 12 when S-100 addresses are < 64K (so P19
pin 8 to P21 pin 8).
On SW4 then 1-8 are:- open,closed,closed,closed,
Setup the board as described above and
check with a logic probe for a low going pulse on IC3A pin 19.
Next add U124 and U1. Check as above for a low going pulse on pin 3 of U124.
You can then install LED's D1 and D8. They should light up with
the above continuous software loop.
Next install U2 (but bend out pin 4 for now). Jumper K7, 1-2.
have a Z80 monitor that displays a memory map you should see no RAM are
8000H to 8FFFH.
Something like this:-
Next install U10 and U125. Check pins 1 & 19 of U125 pulse low with
the above software loop.
We will now install a 2732 EPROM. Consult the pinout diagram
above for this EPROM. Jumper K22, 2-3 and K31, 2-3.
You now should be able to display the code in the EPROM and if necessary
jump to it. Any time you want to inactivate this circuit
(i.e.. make the EPROM invisible on the board) close switch 7 of SW4.
16 Bit Circuitry
New we will install the more complex 16 bit circuitry and/or > 64 K
addressing for EPROMS and RAM. Initially we will use 28C64A EEPROMS as
an example. This is where things get a little bit more
complicated. You will need some way of addressing >64K in the S-100
Bus. If you have a 8086 CPU board in your system already this is no
problem. Alternatively you can use a Z80 board that can address > 64K
like the one I use and describe
here (and hopefully soon will be available).
I will be doing 16 bit CPUs next year, so you may wish to wait until then for
In our initial setup we will place the 28C64 EEPROM at 8C000H in RAM.
This will avoid its interfering with a 8086 Monitor normally at FC000H in
RAM . On reset the 8086 will jump to this monitor.
Install IC1, IC4A and U14. Since we are addressing RAM at 8C000H,
address lines A23-A20 are low, A19 is high, A18-A16 are low on P1 as inputs
to IC1. Match SW1 accordingly. For P22, A15 and A14 are high, A13-A11 are
ignored, pin 8 of P22 will be low. Match SW5 accordingly.
Display memory at 8C000H (either with your 8086 monitor or with a Z80 that
can memory map). Exactly as above, pin 6 of U124 should pulse
low. Next install all IC on the board EXCEPT the EEPROMS, U22,
U23 and U24. You can also bend in pin 4 of U2. Insert the board
into your systems and check it does not hang. Next install U22,U23,
and U24. Repeat the above check.
We are now ready to install the 28C64 EEPROMS. Carefully consult the
pinout requirements of the chip. See the above diagrams on this page.
Remember the data sheet pinout numbers are different from the board socket
numbers on this board (unless you are using 32 pin chips).
For 28C64A's the jumpers are as follows:-
Odd Byte EEPROM:-
K1 2-3, K4 2-3, K5 1-2 P12 2-3.
Even Byte EEPROM:- K8 2-3, K11 2-3, K12 1-2, P13 2-3.
Once you have confirmed the EEPROM is working fine you can relocate to a
more useful location. In my case I have my 8086 monitor in two 28C64A
EEPROMS at FC000H to FFFFFH. After an 8086 reset the CPU jumps
to FFFF0H in this EEPROM and from there to the start of the monitor at
FC000H. The switch settings for a pair or 28C64's at this location
SW1 close, close, close, close, open, open, open, open.,
Jumper all P1 pins to corresponding P5 pins
SW5 open, open, open, open, open, open, open, close.,
Jumper (only) P22 pins 1, 2 & 8 to P24 pin 1, 2 & 8
[BTW, more recent versions of my 8086 Monitor require 28C256 EEPROMS . In
these versions half of the EEPROM is used, the 8086 Monitor starts ate
Up to 8 wait states can be added to any CPU read/write cycle with this board. Switch SW3
controls the number of wait states. If all switches are open, no wait states
are added. SW3-1 closed, adds one wait state, SW3-2 closed adds 2 wait
states... etc. For a 8MHz 8086 I typically use two wait states for
most ROMS. You can probably get away with one but why risk it.
Remember switches are close right to left. (One wait state is the right most
switch, eight wait states, all 8 switches are closed). Do not use other
Note there is one small error in the layout of this board. LED D2 is used to
indicate wait states. Unfortunately it is on in the
absence of wait states
going off if a wait state is added. It really should be the other way around.
This is easily corrected by bending out pin 9 of U17 and on the back of the
board jumpering pin 9 of U17 to pin 7 of U17.
Adding Static RAM to the Board
Now lets add some static RAM to the board. Again there are a number of
available RAM chips and many permutations and combinations as to how things
can be configured. There are two basic ways RAM can be added
to this board.
One is along side the EEPROM/ROMs. SW1 sets the starting and ending
location of the RAM block and within this block the EEPROM/ROM resides.
The relative location of the ROM's within the total RAM space is set by SW5.
Not all of the space defined by SW1 need be used by RAM. The switch SW2
allows one to block out or include sections.
Alternatively the board can be configured as an (up to) 1MG Static RAM
board. 16 bit ROM's are not utilized, however the 8 bit ROM capability
remains. A typical application here might be CPM+ and a memory disk with a
Z80 Monitor/Boot BIOS at F000H. You can even splice in a 16 bit
EEPROM/ROM pair in this 1MG static RAM by jumpering connections between P1
and P24. However this is really not optimum because the onboard RAM is
slowed down to the access speed of the EEPROM/ROM. A better approach is to
utilize our dedicated 4MG Static RAM Board and this board as a dedicated
As an RAM example, lets pick 128K X 8 chips (HM628128LP-7). We will place
these chips along side the EEPROMS and put them in sockets U100 and U101.
Lets start the RAM at F0000H. It will therefore reside at F0000H to FFFFFH.
We will puncture this RAM space with an EEPROM at FC000H to FFFFFH.
Note: These RAM chips are way overkill for this example since we are only using
64K of the total 128K X 2 bytes available. The extra RAM is simply ignored
by the board circuitry in this example. The above picture shows the board
For the HM628128LP static RAM chips the jumpers are as follows:-
Odd Byte RAM:-
K17 1-2, K25 1-2, K15 2-3, K23 2-3,
Even Byte RAM:- K20 1-2, K28 1-2, K18 2,3 K19 1-2,
Since we want to include all RAM from F0000H to FFFFFH, no connections on P2
to P6 are made except P2-8 to P6-8. All connections on SW2 are open
except SW2-8 which is closed/ground. Here is an
Monitor Memory Map picture of the board:-
As another example lets configure the board as a simple 1MG Static RAM board
that will work in 8 or 16 bit mode. In this case we use AS6C4008
512K Static RAM chips. Two of them. Here is a picture of the board
with this setup:-
Again we need to carefully configure the appropriate jumpers for the RAM
For the AS6C4008 static RAM chips the jumpers are as follows:-
Odd Byte RAM:-
K17 1-2, K25 1-2, K15 2-3, K23
Even Byte RAM:- K20 1-2, K28 1-2, K18 2,3 K19 1-2,
Since we will be using the first 1MG of the S-100's 16MG address
space the only jumpers on P1 to P5 are A23, A22, A21 and A20. The rest are
removed. On SW1 switches 1, 2, 3 & 4 are closed/ground and 5, 6, 7 and
8 are open. The only jumper on P2 to P5 is 8-8 and the only closed
switch on SW2 is number 8. Finally to inactivate the 16CSA* circuit,
remove jumper P22 to P24 8-8 and close SW5 switch 8. I know this may
all sound confusing but if you look at the schematic and understand how
74LS682 address selection works it becomes quite easy.
Here is a close-up picture of the jumpers:-
I will leave it as an exercise for the reader to figure out how to splice in
an 8K EEPROM at the top of this memory space -- for example an 8086 Monitor
at FC000H. (Hint, use wire wrap jumpers from connector P1 to P24).
Finally the board can be configured to accommodate Flash RAM chips. These
behave essentially the same way as the above RAM chips. The only
difference as I said above is that the board cannot accommodate a 16 Bit
Flash RAM and a 16 bit EEPROM
at the same time. (8 bit EPROMS are fine).
BTW, it may be possible to actually program Flash RAM's on this board. I
have not looked into this. I have always programmed my Flash RAMs
separately on a Wellon VP-280 programmer using PC software.
Version 02 of This Board.
The above board proved very popular. All production quality boards were
quickly taken. A second "V2" version of the board has now been made.
Some very minor updates were made to the above board and are incorporated in
boards that have "S-100 EPROM VERSION 02" at the bottom right hand corner of
the board. These minor changes are:-
BOARD_WAIT to pin 7 of U17 (instead of pin 9).
Have a jumper at pin 8 of U2C
that can go to either pin 9 of U2c or pin 11 of U124B, 16CSB*
(this eliminates wait states if RAM is used).
Bring out A16, A17, A18 and A19 as extra jumper contacts at P22.
(Jumpers A below)
This allows an EPROM at FC000H if 1MG static RAM
is present at 0000H.
For the V1
board, we needed wires from P1 to p24.
A Production S-100 Board.
Realizing that a number of people might want to utilize a board like this
with Andrew Lynch at N8VEM (see
here) we have
completed a second run of these boards. If
you have an interest in such a bare board, let Andrew know via e-mail at:-
Please note all the above
clearly applies only to people who know what they are doing and can do
a little soldering and board assembly. There will be little hand holding
at this stage.
I come back to using this board from time to time, when I am debugging
multiprocessor systems. While the board will accept almost
any type of PROM, I have to admit configuring it for the appropriate ROM is
quite a challenge. You really have to carefully study the PROM
pinouts and sit down an carefully configure the boards address decoding.
Remember it is three boards in one. However most of the time you will
be concerned with EPROMS and the SW5/16CSA* section. The other two sections
can be ignored/inactivated.
As time goes by I will show pictures of exact configurations I use to help
you get started. Please note the number of wait states will vary
depending on your S-100 bus (and whether you have the card in an S-100 bus
extender board slot). Start with a high number and work down.
Example 1: Two 27C64 (UV Erasable)
E-PROMS (16 bit mode) at address 8C000H to 8FFFFH.
Example 2: Two 28C64 (Electric Erasable) EE-PROMS (16 bit mode) at address 8C000H to 8FFFFH.
Example 3: Two 28C256 (Electric Erasable) EE-PROMS (16 bit mode) at address 88000H to 8FFFFH.
In the case of the 28C256's I am only using half of the total EEPROM's
capacity, (the top half). If you wanted the whole EEPROM
(i.e. 80000H to 8FFFFH) you would jumper P23-1 to P24-1 and close SW5
Example 4: Two 28C256 (Electric Erasable) EE-PROMs (16 bit mode) at address
F0000H to FFFFFH
and two 512X8 AS6C4008 Static RAMs at address 00000H to EFFFFH.
This is a typical configuration of the board for an S100
system that has its own Z80 onboard ROM, (for example the Z80 board shown
here), and uses
this single board for S100 RAM to run either CPM3 (utilizing > 64K) or an
8086 family of CPUs utilizing 1M of RAM and a ROM monitor at FF000H to
The fact that the 16CSB* section for the board's RAM does not have it's own
A16-A23 74LS682 select is not great. While not a problem for an 8086, it
would mean this boards RAM would appear in every 1MG of the S100 busses 16M
address space when using for example our 68K board. However in that case you
would not use this boards ROM/16CSA* selection. The next version of the
board will completely separate 16CSA* and 16CSB*.
The above configuration utilizes the fact that for addresses in the range
F0000-FFFFFH the EEPROMs are selected (16CSA* low). The signal 16CSB* will
ignore "LOWER SELECT". Only Phantom is recognized by IC2A. It is
also important to make sure 8CS* is not active. Jumper P20,8 to P21,8 and
SW4,8 open insures IC3A pin 19 never goes low.
Example 5: One 28C16 (EEProm, 4KX8) at address
F000H to FFFFH
and two 128X8 HM628128 Static RAMs at address 00000H to EFFFH.
The above configuration would be typically used by a Z80
board that can jump to 0F000H upon reset (e.g
The Cromemco ZPU
CompuPro Z80 boards. The remainder of RAM is filled (actully over
filled), with RAM. Note how 16CSA* and 16CSB* have the same settings.
Example 6: Two 27C020 (UV Erasable, 256X8) E-PROMs (16 bit mode) at address
80000H to FFFFFH
and two 512X8 AS6C4008 Static RAMs at address 00000H to 7FFFFH.
The above configuration is a bit unusual in that half of the S-100 bus'es
lowest 1MG address space is occupied by ROM (80000H up to FFFFFH).
This is useful for 8 bit systems where the disk operating system for example
could be stored in ROM. Unfortunately there are a few small errors on
this board that affect these high capacity EPROMS.
Pin 1 needs to be connected to ground (pin 16).
Pin 3 of the EPROMS must go to address line A16 not A15. This is picked off
at pin 11 of U11.
Pin 31 needs to be connected to Vcc (pin 32).
While we could use the same ROM/RAM selection logic as in Example 4 above,
this time I used a more generalized approach. IC1A triggers for any adderss
in the bus'es first 1 MG space. Its pin 19 is feed to IC4A and IC2A.
IC2A will trigger for any address in the 1MG range but its output is
inhibited by IC4A (U124 pin 12) if the adresses bA16-bA19 on P22 are greater
Please note, I have found these EE-PROMS (ATMEL AT28C64's, Jameco #276752 , or
AT28C256's , Jameco #74843) to be particularly sensitive to read
access times. They seem to require at least one wait state, even at 6MHz . To run the
board with our 8086 board
set to 9MHz, the following 74LSx chips need to be changed to 74Fxx types:-
U15, U18, U13, U19, U25. You need to add 1-2 wait states and it's
best if the board is in a slot next to the 8086 CPU board in the bus.
U22, U23 and U24 must be 74LS245's.
Always check you system, by copying the EPROM memory to another place in RAM
and verifying the move, (the 8086 Monitor "M" and "V" commands). If
you want long term high speed reliability, I recommend the UV erasable
BTW, the 8086 board itself requires only one wait state at 9MHz if EE-PROM's are used
locally on the CPU board itself; however this is really pushing it. Normally
I have two EEPROM wait states for reliability.
Lastly because this board has the ability to accommodate 8 bit EPROMS, 16
bit EPROMS and 16 bit static RAMS the circuitry is a bit more complex than
for any one of these features alone. If you just need a pair of 16 bit
EE-PROMS, (say for an MSDOS video driver), I would suggest you go with the
MSDOS Support board which
has 2 EE-PROM/EPROM sockets. This board's circuitry is set for the
fastest possible bus access times.
Recently Tom Lafleur has caught an error on
the board (thanks Tom), Pin 1 of U4 and U121 should be connected to address
line bA19 instead of bA18. If you have not assembled the board yet, you
should cut the trace and join as appropriate. On finished boards it may be
easiest to just bend out pin 1 (if used, see below), and wire a connection
to it. Fortunately few chips use pin 1 in these sockets. It
should not affect any other 27XXX, 28Cxxx UV or EE-PROM chips. Only the
bottom 24 or 28 pins are used in the sockets for these chips). Even the
HM62128 (128X8) Static RAMS are OK. Only (1MX8) static RAM chips (e.g.
AS6C4008) should be affected. The FLASH RAM sockets (U100 &
U101) do not have this error, and in fact you can use these two
sockets for the AS6C4008
static RAMs if you are only using static RAM chips
with no FRASH RAM onboard.
Note, the schematics below may change over time and some IC part or pin numbers may not correlate
exactly with the text in the article above.
There were two “production versions” or this board released. The first has
"ID 3510" on it at the top left hand corner. The later second
board has “Version
02” in the bottom right corner of the board. What is confusing in the
schematics is they are referred to as V2 and V3, because we originally had a
V1 board ready for “production” but halted it because of errors on the board.
The main difference between the two board versions can be seen on P22
where extra address lines were added for V2.
CURRENT EPROM BOARD (V1) SCHEMATIC
(V2-2, FINAL, 8/21/2010)
CURRENT EPROM BOARD (V1) LAYOUT
(V2-2, FINAL, 8/21/2010)
CURRENT PARTS LIST (V3.1, FINAL,
CURRENT EPROM BOARD (V2) SCHEMATIC
(V3.1, FINAL, 11/17/2011)
CURRENT EPROM BOARD (V2) LAYOUT
Other pages describing my S-100
hardware and software.
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