S100 Computers

HomeS-100 Boards HistoryNew BoardsSoftwareBoards For Sale
ForumOther Web SitesNewsIndex   
  
The OPL3  Game & Serial S100 Bus Board.
 
  OPL3 Board
 
Introduction

David Fry
in the UK  has designed an S100 board that is very useful for incorporating game controls on the S100 bus as well as some other extra capabilities.   What I have here is essentially Dave's work.  I am presenting it here with his permission.  If you have specific questions or comments about the board and its related software,  please contact him directly.  Dave is a regular contributor to the Google Groups S100Computers forum.


OVERVIEW
The full schematic diagram of the S100 OPL3/Game/Serial board is actually quite a ‘busy’ diagram by virtue of the multi-function nature of the board and all its supporting circuitry. It is the intention that this document will help to clarify the operation of the unique functional areas of this board so that the end user may be confident to troubleshoot any issues that may arise whilst building and configuring the board.
More familiar circuitry such as bus drivers, signal buffers and power supplies will not be discussed as it is assumed to be understood from familiarity with other S100 boards. 

 

I/O Port Addressing

The I/O port decoding circuitry is comprised of two 22V10 GALS (U1 & U2) and six 74LS682N 8 bit magnitude comparators. This combination of IC’s provides independent 8 bit and 16 bit port addresses across all three board functions giving better control over I/O port resource allocation.

 

The 74LS682N 8 bit magnitude comparator circuit should be familiar territory for most of us, essentially this IC compares two binary 8 bit words fed into two 8 bit ports, if the data on both 8 bit ports match then the output pin 19 will go active LOW to signify a match, in all other cases pin 19 will be high.

 

We can see from the diagram extract below (fig 1) that a subset of the buffered CPU address lines are connected to one 8 bit port (P0 -> P7) and the second 8 bit port is connected to a 8 way DIL switch permitting the user to specify the I/O address to match. The 74LS682 that decodes the 16 bit address space has an extra 3 pin header that permits the selection of one of two

Pre programmed upper 8 bit addresses (bA8 -> bA15) 02xxH or 03xxH this allows standard IBM PC I/O port addresses to be configured.

 

Now as it stands the magnitude comparator outputs will pulse low every time the connected address lines match the DIL switch settings regardless of whether the CPU is generating a memory access or I/O port access, therefore further qualification of the pin 19 outputs are required using the S100 bus control signals.

 

It should also be noted as you review the 3 groupings of 74LS682’s that some port inputs are not used and connected to GND, in these cases the corresponding DIL switch will always be in the ‘ON’ position for correct operation. These same switches also provide a convenient way to disable a particular board function (OPL3/Game/Serial) if required by placing the switch in an open position creating a situation where there can never be a comparator match.


Turning our attention to the two GALS U2 and U1 (fig 2) I will try to explain how these two devices work together with the 74LS682’s to provide fully decoded I/O addressing.

 

Starting with the first equation in U2

 

P_03xxH = /A15 * /A14 * /A13 * /A12 * /A11 * /A10 * A9 * A8

P_02xxH = /A15 * /A14 * /A13 * /A12 * /A11 * /A10 * A9 * /A8

 

The above two  equations produce two outputs on pins 18 & 19 corresponding to 03xxH and 02xxH, these outputs are then wired to the 3 pin headers K2,K3,K4 (shown in fig1) satisfying the upper byte requirement of a 16 bit address space.

 

The magnitude comparator outputs from all six 74LS682’s are then passed into pins 6,7,8,9,10 & 11 of GAL U2 as unqualified decoded 8 and 16 bit addresses for the 3 board functions (OPL3/Game/Serial).

 

Remember, at this stage the pin 19 outputs will go active low on any address line match whether it is an I/O or memory cycle.

  

 

 

The next three equations in GAL U2 complete the decoding of the Chip Select lines by ‘ANDing’ the unqualified decoded 8 & 16 bit address’s with  IO_REQUEST  and  16BIT, these inputs are generated by GAL U1 and enter  GAL U2 as inputs on pins 13 & 14.

Note how each Chip Select equation has two expressions, one line for 16 bit and the other line for 8bit decoding. The active line is determined by the logical state of the 16BIT status input.

 

/GAME_CS =      /GAME_16CS * 16BIT * IO_REQUEST

              + /GAME_8CS * /16BIT * IO_REQUEST

 

/UART_CS =      /UART_16CS * 16BIT * IO_REQUEST

              + /UART_8CS * /16BIT * IO_REQUEST

 

/OPL3_CS =      /OPL3_16CS * 16BIT * IO_REQUEST

              + /OPL3_8CS * /16BIT * IO_REQUEST

 

The fully I/O decoded Chip Select lines are finally output on GAL U2 pins 15, 16 & 17

Having generated the Chip Select signals in GAL U2 we now turn to GAL U1 to examine its role in the overall design.  The outputs of the first two equations are mentioned in the section above.

 

 

IO_REQUEST = sINP + sOUT

 

The first equation generates the I/O request signal using the S100 bus signals sINP and sOUT to identify a I/O port bus cycle, this signal is output on pin 21 passed to GAL U2 pin 13

 

/16BIT = TMA0 * TMA1 * TMA2 * TMA3

 

The 16 bit port address status signal is generated by ‘NANDing’ all 4 TMA lines together, if any one of the TMA lines go LOW then the output will go HIGH indicating a 16 bit CPU board is active.

So referring to (fig 2) we add a jumper to each TMA location that would be pulled low by a 16bit CPU board thus enabling GAL U1 to distinguish between 8 bit and 16 bit port address requirement.

The 16BIT signal is output on pin 20 and passed to GAL U2 pin 14.

 

/RD = pDBIN * sINP

 

/WR = /pWR * sOUT

 

The Read and Write control signals are again generated from S100 bus signals and are used to control/indicate data direction. Used by the on board devices and the data bus buffers.

    

PORT_SEL = OPL3_CS * UART_CS * GAME_CS

    

Finally, the PORT_SEL status signal is generated from the fully decoded Chip Select signals. If any one of the three Chip Select signal goes active LOW then the PORT_SEL  signal will also go low allowing data to pass over the data bus buffers.

The PORT_SEL signal is output on pin 16 and connects to U8 pin 2 & 4

 

  

Game Port Circuit

Moving on to the first of the three board functions the core of the game or joystick port circuit is a direct implementation of the circuit published in the IBM technical reference manual for the PC XT.

This circuit changed very little over the early development of the PC with the NE558 clearly seen on many PC ISA bus soundcards of the era before this circuit functionality was moved inside of sound card ASICs.

 

Circuit operation is actually very simple, the NE558 contains 4 timers whose output pulse width is determined by the time constant of a capacitor (C11, C12, C18 & C21) and variable resistor (Joystick) in series with a fixed resistor (R3, R4, R5 & R6). The fixed resistors set the minimum pulse width of the timer to ensure that the pulse is measureable under software.

The output pulse (high) begins with the triggering of the timer inputs on pins 3,6,11 & 14 by performing a write operation to the game I/O port (the actual value written is irrelevant as it is not used). Following this write operation the Game I/O port is now read by software polling method to determine the width or length of time each channel takes to return to zero. The values obtained are used to determine the X-Y axis position of the two joystick units. Provision has also been made to poll the status of two buttons per joystick using the spare 4 bits available on the I/O port.

 

 

 

So looking at (fig3) and working from the top, P2 is the 16 way 0.1” header which is wired to match the joystick plug standard pin out (so pin 1 to pin 1, 2 to 2 etc...) allowing IDC connectors to be used to make a patch cable. The  +5v supply to the joystick is protected by a 100 ohm resistor R34 to protect the fine PCB traces against burn out in the event of an accidental short or faulty joystick controller.  Resistors R22 to R25 are pull up resistors for the joystick buttons which are in turn wired to D4 to D7 through U13. The NE558 has open collector outputs so RR3 serves to pull these to the 5v rail to meet TTL levels.  

Finally, U8C and U8D provide the necessary read/write steering to trigger the NE558 timers on an I/O write cycle and enable the octal buffer (74LS244) on a read I/O cycle to enable the joystick data to be read.

 

  

Serial Port Circuit

The simplicity of the serial port circuit conceals the complexity that lies within the PC16550 chip itself,  the 3 address lines (A0 to A2) on pins 26, 27 & 28 evidence that the PC16550 uses eight consecutive  I/O ports to address the internal configuration registers. Further study of the PC16550 datasheet will be required for those who wish to develop code for this chip.  

 

For a starting point I have included some Z80 code (separate file) for an X-modem routine, the code was brought together from various sources, credits given in the listing header.

  

 

 

The MAX239 (U21) provides TTL to RS232 level shifting duties for the PC16550, the full complement of serial port signals are made available on output header P9 (via patching headers P8 & P10) wired according to the standard male DE-9 serial plug specification.

 

It goes without saying that this configuration was chosen to provide an extra PC compliant serial port under MS-DOS on the S100 bus.

 

 

OPL3 Adlib Sound (Digital)

The digital section of the OPL3 sound circuit is stock datasheet implementation.

Examining an ISA sound card I had to hand and comparing to the YMF262/YAC512 datasheets this would seem to be standard practice.

  

 

 

Points of note:-

The Yamaha YMF262 supports up to 4 channel output (Channels A,B,C & D) requiring two YAC512 stereo DAC chips, in our application (PC Adlib sound) we are only interested in channels A + B so the four YMF262 DAC digital interface lines we are interested in are pin 23 (data clock), pin 21 (Channel AB data stream), and pins 19 & 20 which identify the L & R components of the data stream as it is clocked  into the corresponding  L or R DAC registers.  

 

The YAC512 utilizes two external op-amps for buffering duties, the first one U9B buffers the internal 2.5v voltage reference which drives the internal D-A level shifter. The second op-amp U9A buffers the D-A level shifter output (which handles analog sample data for both L + R channels) and passes back to the internal L + R sample & hold switches. Resistor R7 sets a time constant with the sample & hold capacitors to help with removal of high frequency switching transients prior to further filtering.

 

OPL3 Adlib Sound (Analog)

The analog section of the OPL3 sound circuit is below

   

 

 

It is divided into 3 distinct sections, sample & hold buffer, low pass filter, and output amplifier.

 

Sample and Hold Buffer

Referring back to the previous section we mentioned that the L + R outputs of the DAC (YAC512M) are sample and hold switches, this means that each output channel presents the analog sample voltage for slightly less than 50% of the time. Use of a holding capacitor followed by a buffer op-amp allows the circuit to maintain or ‘hold’ this sample voltage until the next analog sample voltage is presented. In order to prevent this voltage leaking away between samples a low input current FET audio op-amp is used to buffer the signal and drive the low pass filter.

 

During my initial research for this card I tried to determine which DAC channel (A or B) corresponded to left or right, it turns out that some sound card manufacturers  wire it one way and some the other. Clearly one way is correct and the other wrong so I added in a patch block to allow the end user to determine for their self.

 

Low Pass Filter

The low pass filter circuit serves to remove any sampling noise products and to this end has a 18db/octave slope with cut off frequency around 15khz (FM radio quality), this combined with the YMF262 sample rate of 49.7khz places the sampling noise components some 60dB below the audio signal.

   

The 18dB/octave filter slope is formed first by a 6dB/octave passive filter (R35 + C68) and this is followed by a 12dB/octave active filter centered around op-amp U15A which is configured for a gain of 2.2 (6.8dB).

   

One of the obstacles that need to be dealt with is the removal of the DC component in the audio signal as the YAC512 DAC biases the output audio signal on a DC voltage of ½ VCC (center point). Since we also now have some gain in the low pass filter if we did nothing then the audio signal output of the low pass filter would now be sat on a DC level of 5.5v. The original OPL2 Adlib card used a bit of a kludge to deal with this situation using a transistor to remove the charge across a DC blocking capacitor. I have adopted a different approach by incorporating a DC servo (U15B) in the low pass filter feedback loop and this effectively removes the DC component of the filtered audio signal by raising the DC input voltage on the inverting input of U15A. In essence the two op-amps work in tandem each having its feedback loop closed by the other device but in different frequency ranges to achieve the desired result.

 

Output Amplifier

Output amplifier duties are handled by a NE5532 dual op-amp IC, this IC is well known in the audio community for its good sound, good output drive capability, and low price. The circuit is a fairly simple headphone amplifier with a fixed gain of 3 (9.5dB) which at full volume allows the output voltage to swing to approx. 7v p-p, enough to drive a pair of high impedance headphones or at slightly lower listening level a pair of 32 ohm in ear phones. Resistors R48 + R49 serve to prevent output current clipping (protecting the op-amp) when driving low impedance earphones.

The board also has a fixed line level output connector for audio connection to a pair of active speakers.

 

Every effort has been made to preserve audio quality in the analog circuitry through the use of a split rail power supply, polyester film capacitors and Nichicon FG audio grade electrolytic capacitors. I would recommend using the parts suggested in the BOM as the cost difference is negligible.

 

 

The above is a brief schematic overview in explaining the fundamental operation of the 3 main circuit functions, In the full schematic (see below) there are various other circuit elements. Many of these are common to the other S100Computer.com boards and should be familiar to most builders.

 

If you have any further queries regarding a certain aspect of circuit operation then please post a question to the S100Computers Google Groups forum and David will try his best to answer.

 

GAL Code

What follows below is the full PALASM design descriptions for the two GALs (U1 & U2) used in this project. See here for more information on GALs

 

;PALASM Design Description

;---------------------------------- Declaration Segment ------------

TITLE    U1 - I/O Control GAL for S100 OPL3/Game/Serial Board V1.1

PATTERN 

REVISION V1.0

AUTHOR   David Fry

COMPANY                                               

DATE     14/02/16

CHIP     _OPL3_U1  PAL22V10

;---------------------------------- PIN Declarations ---------------
PIN  1         pSYNC                ;(H) Not Currently Used     
PIN  2         pSTVAL              
;(L) Not Currently Used
PIN  3         sINTA                ;(H) Not Currently Used
PIN  4         pDBIN                ;(H) S100 bus                                             
PIN  5         sINP                 ;(H) S100 bus
PIN  6         pWR                  ;(L) S100 bus
PIN  7         sOUT                 ;(H) S100 bus
PIN  8         TMA0                 ;(L) TMA status input
PIN  9         TMA1                 ;(L) TMA status input
PIN  10        TMA2                 ;(L) TMA status input
PIN  11        TMA3                 ;(L) TMA status input
PIN  13        OPL3_CS              ;(L) OPL3 CS status input
PIN  14        UART_CS              ;(L) UART CS status input
PIN  15        GAME_CS              ;(L) GAME CS status input

PIN  16        PORT_SEL             ;(L) Valid port select o/p

PIN  17        NC                                      
PIN  18        NC                                      
PIN  19        NC                                       

PIN  20        16BIT                ;(H) 16 bit port addr
PIN 
21        IO_REQUEST           ;(H) Valid I/O port req      
PIN  22        WR                   ;(L) Port write

PIN  23        RD                   ;(L) Port read

                                                                  

;----------------------------------- Boolean Equation Segment ------

EQUATIONS

 

PORT_SEL = OPL3_CS * UART_CS * GAME_CS

 

/16BIT = TMA0 * TMA1 * TMA2 * TMA3

 

/RD = pDBIN * sINP

 

/WR = /pWR * sOUT

 

IO_REQUEST = sINP + sOUT

 

 

;PALASM Design Description

 ;---------------------------------- Declaration Segment ------------

TITLE    U2 - Port Addressing GAL for S100 OPL3/Game/Serial Board v1.1
PATTERN  REVISION V1.0
AUTHOR   David Fry
COMPANY 
DATE     14/02/16 CHIP  _OPL3_U2  PAL22V10

;---------------------------------- PIN Declarations ---------------
PIN  1         NC                     ; Not Currently Used      
PIN  2         A11                    ; (H) INPUT 
PIN  3         A10                    ; (H) INPUT 
PIN  4         A9                     ; (H) INPUT 
PIN  5         A8                     ; (H) INPUT 
PIN  6         GAME_16CS              ; (L) INPUT 
PIN  7         GAME_8CS               ; (L) INPUT 
PIN  8         UART_16CS              ; (L) INPUT 
PIN  9         UART_8CS               ; (L) INPUT 
PIN  10        OPL3_16CS              ; (L) INPUT 
PIN  11        OPL3_8CS               ; (L) INPUT 
PIN  13        IO_REQUEST             ; (H) INPUT 
PIN  14        16BIT                  ; (H) INPUT
PIN  15        OPL3_CS                ; (L) OUTPUT
PIN  16        UART_CS                ; (L) OUTPUT
PIN  17        GAME_CS                ; (L) OUTPUT
PIN  18        P_03xxH                ; (H) OUTPUT
PIN  19        P_02xxH                ; (H) OUTPUT
PIN  20        A12                    ; (H) INPUT
PIN  21        A13                    ; (H) INPUT       
PIN  22        A14                    ; (H) INPUT
PIN  23        A15                    ; (H) INPUT
EQUATIONS
P_03xxH =    /A15 * /A14 * /A13 * /A12 * /A11 * /A10 * A9 * A8
P_02xxH =    /A15 * /A14 * /A13 * /A12 * /A11 * /A10 * A9 * /A8
 
/GAME_CS =    /GAME_16CS * 16BIT * IO_REQUEST
            + /GAME_8CS * /16BIT * IO_REQUEST
 
/UART_CS =    /UART_16CS * 16BIT * IO_REQUEST
            + /UART_8CS * /16BIT * IO_REQUEST
 
/OPL3_CS =    /OPL3_16CS * 16BIT * IO_REQUEST
            + /OPL3_8CS * /16BIT * IO_REQUEST

 

CONSTRUCTION

The aim of this guide is to provide a recommended sequence for populating and testing your S100 multimedia card in a step by step fashion.  This method has primarily been adopted to allow the PCB to be built up whilst at the same time leaving sufficient space around the two surface mount IC’s to allow them to be mounted towards the end of the process.

 

Both the YMF262 & YAC512 sound chips are fabricated in CMOS so antistatic handling precautions are recommended until all components are on the board after which the PCB is quite safe to handle.

 

It should be noted that whilst building up both the prototype (V1.0), and this board (V1.1) I have had two failures of the YAC512 DAC chip, I cannot say for sure this was due to ESD damage but I believe that ESD precautions would be prudent to minimize any risk.

 

It should also be noted  that this card uses the 8v, +16v & -16v rails on the S100 bus to power the various circuit elements  so please make sure your system satisfies these requirements before going any further.

   

     

STEP 1

Fit the power supply components:-

 

0.1uF 50v MLCC Capacitor (5mm pitch)      -   C1,C4,C9,C10,C15,C16,C19,C20,C23,C24,C27,C28,C31,

                                                              C32,C35,C36,C38,C39,C40,C41,C44,C52,C60

 

33uF 25v Tantalum (2.5mm pitch)             -  C2

10uF 25v Tantalum (2.5mm pitch)             -  C3

1uF  25v Tantalum (2.5mm pitch)              -  C7,C8                 Can use 0.1uF MLCC if you prefer

 

9.1v 500mW Zener Diode                         -  D1

10v 500mW Zener Diode                          -  D2

 

270R Resistor     (MFR3)                          -  R21

330R Resistor     (MFR3)                          -  R2

 

LM7905 (TO220)                                     -  U7

LM7805 (TO3)                                        -  U6

 

Notes:- 

Both U7 and U6 need to be insulated from the PCB to avoid shorting traces.

Mount U7 using a silicone insulating washer and plastic insulating bush,

Mount U6 using 2 x TO3 mica washers underneath the heatsink and 1 x silicone washer between the heatsink and the LM7805.

  

 

  

Check your work for solder bridges etc.. and then plug the card into a bus extension card, using a multi-meter check the following voltage points. Identify any faults and correct before moving on.

 

D1 Cathode                        +9.1v   (+ – 0.5v)

D2 Cathode                        +10.0v (+ – 0.5v)

U18 pin 8 (NE5532)            +5.0v   (+ – 0.2v)

U18 pin 4                           –5.0v   (+ – 0.2v)

 

STEP 2

Now fit the DIL sockets, Resistors & Switches as listed below:-

 

8 pin DIL Socket                                          -  U18

14 pin DIL Socket                                        -  U24,U8,U15

16 pin DIL Socket                                        -  U22

20 pin DIL Socket                                        -  U20,U19,U12,U16,U4,U26,U3,U25,U5,U27,U13,U22

24 pin DIL Socket (0.3”)                              -  U1,U2,U21

40 pin DIL Socket                                       -  U17

Oscillator Socket                                         -  P5

 

8 way DIL switches                                     -  SW3,SW1,SW4,SW2,SW5

 

10k Resistor SIL (5 pin bussed)                   -  RR1

4k7 Resistor SIL (5 pin bussed)                   -  RR2

1k Resistor SIL (5 pin bussed)                     -  RR3

4k7 Resistor SIL (10 pin bussed)                 -  RR5

 

100R Resistor     (MFR3)                             -  R34,R48,R49

470R Resistor     (MFR3)                             -  R26,R27,R39,R40

1k Resistor          (MFR3)                            -  R22,R23,R24,R25

2k2 Resistor        (MFR3)                            -  R3,R4,R5,R6,R35,R36

4k7 Resistor        (MFR3)                            -  R8,R9,R10,R11,R46,R47

10k Resistor        (MFR3)                            -  R12,R13,R37,R38,R42,R43,R44,R45

12k Resistor        (MFR3)                            -  R14,R17

1M Resistor        (MFR3)                             -  R15,R16,R18,R19

  

 

 

    

 STEP 3

Now fit the Pin Headers & Capacitors as listed below:-

 

2 x 3  0.1” Pin Header                                  -  (K7,K8),(K9,K10),(K11,K12),(K13,K14)

2 x 4  0.1” Pin Header                                  -  P1

2 x 5  0.1” Pin Header                                  -  P8,P10

1 x 3  0.1” Pin Header                                  -  K1,K2,K3,K4,K5,K6,K15

1 x 6  0.1” Pin Header                                  -  P4

1 x 4  RA  0.1” Pin Header                           -  P6

2 x 8  RA  0.1” Boxed Header                       -  P2

2 x 5  RA  0.1” Boxed Header                       -  P9

 

68pF 50v MLCC 2.5mm pitch                        -  C29,C30,C33,C34

100pf 50v MLCC  5mm pitch                         -  C57,C58

2n2 100v Film 5mm pitch                             -  C42,C43,C46,C47

4n7 100v Film 5mm pitch                             -  C68,C69

10nF 100v 5% Film 5mm pitch                      -  C11,C12,C18,C21,C37

470nF 100v Film 5mm pitch                          -  C48,C49,C53,C54

 

10uF 16v Tantalum 2.5mm pitch                   -  C66,C67

 

1uF 100v Radial Electrolytic                          -  C64,C65,C70,C71

10uF 50v Nichicon FG electrolytic                  -  C14,C6,C55,C56

47uF 63v Nichicon FG electrolytic                  -  C59,C63

220uF 16v Nichicon FG electrolytic                -  C61,C62

  

 

STEP 4

Now fit surface mount IC’s and remaining parts as listed below:-

 

YMF262M                                                     -  U14

YAC512                                                       -  U11

 

Using a little PCB cleaner, clean away solder/flux residue from U14 & U11

 

8 way DIL switches                                        -  SW6

14 pin DIL Socket                                          -  U9

16 pin DIL Socket                                          -  U23

Oscillator Socket                                            -  P3

 

330R Resistor     (MFR3)                                 -  R7

 

68pF 50v MLCC 2.5mm pitch                           -  C17

2n7 100v Film 5mm pitch                               -  C25,C26

10uF 50v Nichicon FG electrolytic                     -  C5,C13,C22

 

3mm Red LED                                               -  D3,D4,D5,D6,D7,D8,D9,D10

3mm Green LED                                            -  D11

3mm Yellow LED                                           -  D12

 

Using PCB cleaner, clean away solder/flux residue from solder side of PCB then fit remaining parts:-

 

Stereo 3.5mm jack socket                              -  P7

Bourns dual 10k log pot                                 -  RV1

10 way turned pin socket strip                        -  RR4

  

 

 

Jumper & DIL Switch Configuration

Fit all DIL IC’s and Configure jumpers and DIL switches for use:-

Note:- The DIL switches follow the same operating convention as other S100Computers.com boards

     

 

 

Audio L/R Patch          P4                           1-2, 5-6                 Set according to personal LR preference

 

RS232 Serial Patch      P8                           3-4, 5-6                 #RXD, #TXD

                                  P10                          3-4, 5-6                  #RTS, #CTS

 

Reset Source               K1                           2-3                       Board reset from system reset

 

TMA Flags                  P1                                                       Fit jumpers to flag which TMA’s are used by 16 bit CPU’s

                                                                                           i.e.  If 8088 on TMA0 then jumper TMA0

 

16 bit Adlib Sound       K4                           2-3                      03xxH MSB of port base address

                                   SW3                        11000100               xx88H LSB of port base address

                                                                                           1’s = off (open) & 0’s = on (closed)

 

8 bit Adlib Sound        SW6                       00000001              Set to disabled

 

16 bit Game Port         K2                           1-2                       02xxH MSB of port base address

                                   SW1                         10000000               xx00H LSB of port base address

 

8 bit Game Port         SW4                          01000100             88H port address for testing

 

16 bit Serial Port        K3                           1-2                        02xxH MSB of port base address

                                  SW2                        11111100                 xxF8H LSB of port base address

 

8 bit Serial Port          SW5                        01111100             F8H port address for testing

 

Default  16 bit I/O Ports for PC Compatibles

Adlib Sound                        0388H                    Address/Status Port (R/W)

                                        0389H                    Data Port (W)

 

Game Port                          0200H                    (R/W)

 

Serial  COM 1                     03F8H

 

Serial  COM 2                     02F8H

 

Testing the Completed Board

Final testing of the board is accomplished by running three small applications.

The OPL3/Adlib sound function can be tested with the MSDOS application named DEMOFM.EXE,

The Game Port is tested with the Z80 CP/M application GAMEPORT.COM, and the Serial Port is tested with another Z80 CP/M application named XMODEM16.COM.

 

The DEMOFM.EXE application was found on the internet, I can’t remember the source now otherwise I’d give credit. The two Z80 CP/M applications GAMEPORT.COM & XMODEM16.COM

I put together using code segments from three main sources, S100Computers.com, National Semiconductor application note AN491 and some code I wrote myself to glue it all together.

 

For those who may be inclined the XMODEM16.COM program could be developed further to make it bidirectional,  as it stands it does a good enough job of transferring files from a PC host onto the S100 computer. The code is extensively documented so it should be easy to follow.

  

  

Checking the OPL3/Adlib Sound

First you will need to transfer the DEMOFM.EXE program onto your MSDOS compact flash card, or as I do, copy it to a floppy disk if your S100 computer has a floppy disk controller (S100 ZFDC card).

 

Set the sound card volume control to minimum and insert your headphone jack plug into the headphone jack socket. Turn the volume pot to mid position, the audio output should be quiet with maybe a little amount of low level  hiss if your headphones are particularly sensitive.

 

Now boot your S100 computer into MSDOS and locate the file DEMOFM.EXE which you have transferred to CF media or floppy. From the MSDOS command prompt launch DEMOFM.EXE with the following command:-

 

DEMOFM.EXE 388H

 

If all is well then you should hear a short audio jingle through the headphones and the OPL3 LED on the PCB should be flashing to indicate that port 388H is being accessed. If you have no audio and the LED doesn’t flash then go back and check the Jumper & DIP switch settings, don’t forget that a jumper is needed on the corresponding TMA line to enable 16 bit port addressing.

If the OPL3 LED flashes but you have no audio then you will need to start tracing through the audio stages with an oscilloscope working from the DAC forwards.

 

 

Checking the Game Port

     

 

 

The game port test program GAMEPORT.COM has been written for the Z80 CP/M 3.0 platform and uses BDOS function calls for all console input and output allowing the program to be used with different console I/O hardware configurations, i.e. The program should work on the S100Computers.com  Z80 SBC allowing those users to integrate this board into their SBC system to gain a game port and serial port.

 

The first step is to transfer the programs GAMEPORT.COM and XMODEM16.COM to your Z80 CP/M CF media card, this can be done using the disk image utility cpmtools. The process of how to do this has been discussed on the S100Computers Google forum before but if you are unsure of the process then please post a question and I’ll do my best to answer.

 

On launching GAMEPORT.COM you will be presented with the above screen, the program detects what if any joysticks are connected to the port and reports accordingly. The option menu is a simple test ‘A’ or ‘B’ or exit affair. Upon selecting option 0 a line of data for X axis, Y axis, & button status will be displayed, this line may flicker as the data is repeatedly updated and the game LED on the PCB should also be flashing. Moving the joystick through x axis and y axis movements should result in the binary values increasing or decreasing, likewise pressing a joystick button should be confirmed with the appropriate button status message.

Once you are done then pressing ESC will return you to the menu options and from there ESC will terminate the program and return to a CP/M prompt.

 

Checking the Serial Port

 

 

 

 To verify serial port operation connect the 10 pin serial port header to your 9 pin PC serial port

(you will need to fabricate a custom cable for this) and launch the test program XMODEM16.COM

A simple two option menu will be displayed from which you select option ‘0’ to ‘Receive a file via XMODEM’ the above screen will be displayed.

 

Configure your PC terminal emulation software serial  port settings for 19,200 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, and flow control to hardware (RTS/CTS). In TeraTerm  (my terminal software of choice) these settings can be found under the SETUP > SERIAL PORT menu.

 

At the PC terminal setup an Xmodem file transfer to send a file but don’t confirm the final ‘OK’

File > Transfer > Xmodem > Send > Browse to file

 

Now on the S100 computer type the target RAM location, I would suggest 1000H as a suitable location to avoid problems. (The XMODEM16.COM application resides at 0100H and occupies RAM up to about 0680H)

 

Now press the enter key on the S100 computer (it will start waiting for the 1st sector) and click the ‘OK’ button on the PC host to initiate the file transfer. If all is well the file should be transferred across in 128 byte sectors with a screen entry for each block.

 

If you should get timeout errors check the serial port patching block (P8 & P10) jumpers are correctly in place and verify your serial cable wiring. If you should get checksum errors then make sure that your terminal software is sending checksum error correction data and not CRC or 1k.

(This setting is a radio button in the bottom of the file browser window in TeraTerm)

 

If you have other issues then please post to the S100Computer forum where I will do my best to help.

 

 

Serial Cable Notes

 

The 10 pin serial port header has been wired to allow the use of an IDC (insulation displacement connectors) connector at each end of the cable, just be careful to ensure that pin 1 at each end cuts into the same wire and you should be done.

 

If you chose to use a solder bucket style DE9 connector then you need to remember that the pin numbers are assigned differently. Hopefully the following list should make sense.

 

IDC pin 1  ->  DE9 pin 1

IDC pin 2  ->  DE9 pin 6

IDC pin 3  ->  DE9 pin 2

IDC pin 4  ->  DE9 pin 7

IDC pin 5  ->  DE9 pin 3

IDC pin 6  ->  DE9 pin 8

IDC pin 7  ->  DE9 pin 4

IDC pin 8  ->  DE9 pin 9

IDC pin 9  ->  DE9 pin 5

IDC pin 10 -> DE9 pin 5 (pins 9 & 10 of IDC tied off to GND)

 

Bugs
Known issues as of this date in no particular order:
 

A Production S-100 Board.
Realizing that a number of people might want to utilize a board like this Todd Goodman at the Google Groups S100Computers forum is putting together a "production" run of the of  this board. He is collecting names for batch of boards.  If you have an interest in such a bare board, let Todd know via a posting on the forum.

Please note all the above clearly applies only to people who know what they are doing and can  do a little soldering and board assembly. 
There will be little hand holding at this stage. 


The links below will contain the most recent schematic of this board.
Note, it may change over time and some IC part or pin numbers may not correlate exactly with the text in the article above.

OPL3 Schematic      (V1.1    3/10/2016)
OPL3 Board Parts List      (V1.1   3/20/2016)
OPL3 Board GAL Files  (V1.1  3/20/2016)
OPL3 Board Test Programs   (V1.1    3/10/2016)
OPL3 KiCAD Files
    (V1.1  2/5/2016)
OPL3 Gerber Files      (V1.1 2/5/2016)


Other pages describing my S-100 hardware and software.
Please click here to continue...

This page was last modified on 05/14/2016